nsd-control(8)                     nsd 4.3.2                    nsd-control(8)

       nsd-control, nsd-control-setup - NSD remote server control utility.

       nsd-control [-c cfgfile] [-s server] command

       nsd-control  performs  remote  administration on the nsd(8) DNS server.
       It reads the configuration file, contacts  the  nsd  server  over  SSL,
       sends the command and displays the result.

       The available options are:

       -h     Show the version and commandline option help.

       -c cfgfile
              The config file to read with settings.  If not given the default
              config file /etc/nsd/nsd.conf is used.

       -s server[@port]
              IPv4 or IPv6 address of the server to contact.   If  not  given,
              the address is read from the config file.

       There are several commands that the server understands.

       start  Start  the  server.  Simply execs nsd(8).  The nsd executable is
              searched for in the PATH set in the environment.  It is  started
              with  the  config  file specified using -c or the default config

       stop   Stop the server. The server daemon exits.

       reload [<zone>]
              Reload zonefiles and reopen  logfile.   Without  argument  reads
              changed  zonefiles.   With  argument  reads the zonefile for the
              given zone and loads it.

              Reload nsd.conf and apply changes to TSIG keys and configuration
              patterns, and apply the changes to add and remove zones that are
              mentioned in the config.  Other changes are not applied, such as
              listening  ip address and port and chroot, also per-zone statis-
              tics are not applied.  The pattern updates means that  the  con-
              figuration  options  for  zones  (request-xfr, zonefile, notify,
              ...) are updated.  Also new patterns are available for use  with
              the addzone command.

              Same as the reconfig option.

              Reopen  the  logfile, for log rotate that wants to move the log-
              file away and create  a  new  logfile.   The  log  can  also  be
              reopened with kill -HUP (which also reloads all zonefiles).

       status Display  server  status. Exit code 3 if not running (the connec-
              tion to the port is refused), 1 on error, 0 if running.

       stats  Output a sequence of name=value lines with  statistics  informa-
              tion, requires NSD to be compiled with this option enabled.

              Same as stats, but does not zero the counters.

       addzone <zone name> <pattern name>
              Add  a new zone to the running server.  The zone is added to the
              zonelist file on disk, so it stays after a restart.  The pattern
              name determines the options for the new zone.  For slave zones a
              zone transfer is immediately attempted.  For zones with a  zone-
              file, the zone file is attempted to be read in.

       delzone <zone name>
              Remove  the  zone  from the running server.  The zone is removed
              from the zonelist file on disk, from the nsd.db  file  and  from
              the memory.  If it had a zonefile, this remains (but may be out-
              dated).  Zones  configured  inside  nsd.conf  itself  cannot  be
              removed  this  way  because  the  daemon  does  not write to the
              nsd.conf file, you need to add such zones to the  zonelist  file
              to be able to delete them with the delzone command.

       changezone <zone name> <pattern name>
              Change  a  zone  to  use  the  pattern for options.  The zone is
              deleted and added in one operation, changing it to use  the  new
              pattern for the zone options.  Zones configured in nsd.conf can-
              not be changed like this, instead  edit  the  nsd.conf  (or  the
              included file in nsd.conf) and reconfig.

              Add  zones  read  from  stdin of nsd-control.  Input is read per
              line, with name space patternname on a  line.   For  bulk  addi-

              Remove  zones read from stdin of nsd-control.  Input is one name
              per line.  For bulk removals.

       write [<zone>]
              Write zonefiles to disk, or the given zonefile to  disk.   Zones
              that  have  changed  (via  AXFR  or IXFR) are written, or if the
              zonefile has not been created yet then it is created.  Directory
              components of the zonefile path are created if necessary.

       notify [<zone>]
              Send  NOTIFY  messages  to  slave  servers.   Sends  to  the  IP
              addresses configured in the 'notify:' lists for the master zones
              hosted  on this server.  Usually NSD sends NOTIFY messages right
              away when a master zone serial is updated.  If a zone is  given,
              notifies  are  sent for that zone.  These slave servers are sup-
              posed to initiate a zone transfer request later (to this  server
              or  another  master), this can be allowed via the 'provide-xfr:'
              acl list configuration.

       transfer [<zone>]
              Attempt to update slave zones that are hosted on this server  by
              contacting   the   masters.   The  masters  are  configured  via
              'request-xfr:' lists.  If a zone is given, that zone is updated.
              Usually  NSD  receives a NOTIFY from the masters (configured via
              'allow-notify:' acl list) that a  new  zone  serial  has  to  be
              transferred.  For zones with no content, NSD may have backed off
              from asking often because the masters did not respond, but  this
              command  will reset the backoff to its initial timeout, for fre-
              quent retries.

       force_transfer [<zone>]
              Force update slave zones that are hosted on this  server.   Even
              if  the  master hosts the same serial number of the zone, a full
              AXFR is performed to fetch it.  If you  want  to  use  IXFR  and
              check  that the serial number increases, use the 'transfer' com-

       zonestatus [<zone>]
              Print state of the zone, the serial numbers and since when  they
              have  been  acquired.   Also  prints the notify action (to which
              server), and zone transfer (and from which master) if  there  is
              activity  right now.  The state of the zone is printed as: 'mas-
              ter' (master zones), 'ok' (slave zone is up-to-date),  'expired'
              (slave zone has expired), 'refreshing' (slave zone has transfers
              active).  The serial numbers  printed  are  the  'served-serial'
              (currently  active),  the  'commit-serial'  (is  in reload), the
              'notified-serial' (got notify, busy  fetching  the  data).   The
              serial  numbers  are  only  printed  if  such a serial number is

              Prints the PID of the server process.  This is used for  statis-
              tics  (and  only  works  when  NSD  is  compiled with statistics
              enabled).  This pid is not for sending unix signals, use the pid
              from nsd.pid for that, that pid is also stable.

       verbosity <number>
              Change logging verbosity.

       print_tsig [<key_name>]
              print  the secret and algorithm for the TSIG key with that name.
              Or list all the tsig keys with their name, secret and algorithm.

       update_tsig <name> <secret>
              Change existing TSIG key with  name  to  the  new  secret.   The
              secret is a base64 encoded string.  The changes are only in-mem-
              ory and are gone next restart,  for  lasting  changes  edit  the
              nsd.conf file or a file included from it.

       add_tsig <name> <secret> [algo]
              Add  a  new  TSIG key with the given name, secret and algorithm.
              Without algorithm a default  (hmac-sha256)  algorithm  is  used.
              The secret is a base64 encoded string.  The changes are only in-
              memory and are gone next restart, for lasting changes  edit  the
              nsd.conf file or a file included from it.

       assoc_tsig <zone> <key_name>
              Associate  the  zone  with  the  given tsig.  The access control
              lists for notify, allow-notify, provide-xfr and request-xfr  are
              adjusted to use the given key.

       del_tsig <key_name>
              Delete  the  TSIG  key with the given name.  Prints error if the
              key is still in use by some zone.  The changes are only  in-mem-
              ory  and  are  gone  next  restart, for lasting changes edit the
              nsd.conf file or a file included from it.

       The nsd-control program exits with status code 1 on error,  0  on  suc-

       The  setup requires a self-signed certificate and private keys for both
       the server and client.  The script nsd-control-setup generates these in
       the  default  run  directory,  or with -d in another directory.  If you
       change the access control permissions on the key files you  can  decide
       who  can use nsd-control, by default owner and group but not all users.
       The script preserves private keys present in the directory.  After run-
       ning the script as root, turn on control-enable in nsd.conf.

       The stats command shows a number of statistic counters.

              number  of  queries received (the tls, tcp and udp queries added

              number of queries handled by the server process.  The number  of
              server processes is set with the config statement server-count.

              uptime in seconds since the server was started.  With fractional

              time since the last stats report, in seconds.   With  fractional
              seconds.   Can  be zero if polled quickly and the previous stats
              command resets the counters, so that the next gets a fully zero,
              and zero elapsed time, report.

              size of nsd.db on disk, in bytes.

              size of the DNS database in memory, in bytes.

              size  of memory for zone transfers and notifies in xfrd process,
              excludes TSIG data, in bytes.

              size of zonelist file on disk, excludes the  nsd.conf  size,  in

              size  of  config  data  in memory, kept twice in server and xfrd
              process, in bytes.

              number of queries with this query type.

              number of queries with this opcode.

              number of queries with this query class.

              number of answers that carried this return code.

              number of queries with EDNS OPT.

              number of queries which failed EDNS parse.

              number of queries over UDP ip4.

              number of queries over UDP ip6.

              number of connections over TCP ip4.

              number of connections over TCP ip6.

              number of connections over TLS ip4.  TLS queries are not part of

              number of connections over TLS ip6.  TLS queries are not part of

              number of answers with NOERROR rcode and without AA  flag,  this
              includes the referrals.

              number of queries for which the receive failed.

              number of answers for which the transmit failed.

              number  of  AXFR  requests  from  clients  (that got served with

              number of answers with TC flag set.

              number of queries that were dropped because they  failed  sanity

              number  of  master  zones  served.   These  are  zones  with  no
              'request-xfr:' entries.

              number  of  slave  zones   served.    These   are   zones   with
              'request-xfr' entries.

              nsd configuration file.

              directory with private keys (nsd_server.key and nsd_control.key)
              and  self-signed  certificates  (nsd_server.pem   and   nsd_con-

       nsd.conf(5), nsd(8), nsd-checkconf(8)

NLnet Labs                       Jul 14, 2020                   nsd-control(8)